About this Section
This industry includes the provision of health and social work activities. Activities include a wide range of activities, starting from health care provided by trained medical professionals in hospitals and other facilities, over residential care activities that still involve a degree of health care activities to social work activities without any involvement of health care professionals.
Industries within this Section
- Human health activities
- Residential care activities
- Social work activities without accommodation
Human Health and Social Work Activities industry includes a wide range of activities, starting from health care provided by trained medical professionals in hospitals and other facilities, over residential care activities that still involve a degree of health care activities to social work activities without any involvement of health care professionals. Human health activities include activities of short- or long-term hospitals, general or specialty medical, surgical, psychiatric and substance abuse hospitals, sanatoria, preventative, medical nursing homes, asylums, mental hospital institutions, rehabilitation centres, leprosaria and other human health institutions which have accommodation facilities and which engage in providing diagnostic and medical treatment to inpatients with any of a wide variety of medical conditions. It also includes medical consultation and treatment in the field of general and specialised medicine by general practitioners and medical specialists and surgeons. It includes dental practice activities of a general or specialised nature and orthodontic activities. Additionally, this division includes activities for human health not performed by hospitals or by practicing medical doctors but by paramedical practitioners legally recognised to treat patients.
Turkish healthcare system after 'Health Transformation Program'
With the launch of the Health Transformation Program (HTP), Turkey experienced many changes in the healthcare system. In 2004, in order to improve performance of MoH hospitals, individual performance based supplementary payment system was implemented in MoH hospitals. A reimbursement commission in charge of setting prices for health services and pharmaceuticals reimbursed by SSI, as well as making changes to the SSI benefits package was established in 2004. In February 2005, SSK hospitals were transferred to MoH to ensure uniformity among public health service providers in terms of the quality of services and SSK pharmacies were closed. Then SSK beneficiaries had the right to access all public hospitals and pharmacies. Moreover, Green Card holders were given access to outpatient care and pharmaceuticals to enhance financial protection.
International health tourism
Turkey has generated an income of roughly 1.5 billion USD from medical tourism in 2018 and it is estimated to grow five-folds by 2023. Most of the international patients are from Europe, Russia, Turkic republics and Gulf countries, and they usually choose Istanbul, Antalya and Ankara. Turkey is preferred often for casualties, eye diseases, oncology, radiotherapy, neurosurgery, gynecological diseases, maternity, pediatric and internal diseases departments by visitors. The main advantages of the Turkish healthcare market are lower cost, higher quality, shorter waiting period and the state of facilities when compared to Europe, the U.S. and other western countries. Some surgeries are said to be 90 per cent cheaper than other countries. For example, while the cost of angiography is 47,000 USD in the U.S., 13,000 USD in Singapore, 11,000 USD in India and 10,000 USD in Thailand, it is 5,000 USD in Turkey. Similarly, patients’ waiting time was a maximum of two weeks excluding transplantation in Turkey, but this process could reach 18 months in western countries.
- 1 Jul 2019
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